Sachin Tendulkar, a renowned professional Indian batsman, was born on April 24, 1973 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He is the son of Ramesh Tendulkar, a Marathi novelist, and has two brothers, Ajit, Nitin and a sister, Savitai. He was inspired by his brother Ajit to become a cricketer. He married Anjali in 1995 and they have a daughter, Sara and a son, Arjun. He is ambidextrous because he uses his right hand for batting, bowling and throwing, but writes with his left hand. Sachin Tendulkar is well known for his unique punch style of hitting and his picture-perfect straight drive that made him earn comparisons to Sir Donald Bradman, the greatest batsman of all time. He is popularly known as “Little Master”, “Master Blaster”, “Maestro” and “Tendlya” in the cricket world.
Sachin Tendulkar attended the Sharadashram Vidyamandir high school, where he started off his career in cricket with the help of Ramakant Achrekar, his coach and mentor. While studying, he went to the MRF Pace Foundation to be trained as a fast bowler by Dennis Lillee, a former Australian cricketer, who redirected his aim from becoming a fast bowler to batsman. Sachin Tendulkar had an exceptional season in 1988 when he scored a century in all the innings he played. In 1988, he, along with Vinod Kambli, his friend and team mate, set up an unbeaten 644-run partnership, at a Lord Harris Shield inter-school game, which remained as a record partnership in any form of cricket till 2006. In 1988-1989, at the age of 15, he scored 100 not-out in his debut first-class match for Mumbai against Gujarat. His first double century was for Mumbai playing against the visiting Australian team at the Brabourne Stadium in 1998. Sachin Tendulkar is the only player to score a century in all three of his Ranji Trophy, Duleep Trophy and Irani Trophy debuts.
Sachin Tendulkar played his first international Test match against Pakistan in Karachi on November15, 1989 and in August 1990, he made his first Test century in a match against England at Old Trafford. In the Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2007-08, Sachin Tendulkar showed exceptional form, becoming the leading run scorer with 493 runs in four Tests. As of 2008, he has featured in 150 Test matches and has secured 11,877 runs becoming the second highest run scorer. In his Test career, Sachin Tendulkar has been named the Man of the Match eleven times and the Man of the Series four times.
Sachin Tendulkar made his One Day International (ODI) debut on December 18, 1989 against Pakistan and has played 417 ODIs. He has performed well in almost all Cricket World Cups and was the highest run scorer at the 1996 and the 2003 Cricket World Cup. In ODIs, Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for scoring more than 1000 runs in a calendar year for seven times, that includes a year in which he scored 1894 runs from ODIs, which is the record for the highest number of runs scored by any player. In the One-Day International Commonwealth Bank Tri-Series involving Sri Lanka and Australia, he became the first and only batsman to complete 16,000 runs in ODIs. As of 2008, Sachin Tendulkar has made 16,361 runs from the ODI matches making him the most prolific run scorer in the ODIs.
In 1996, Sachin Tendulkar took over as the captain of the Indian cricket team and served as a captain for two terms. He gives constant suggestions and building strategies to the Indian captain and still remains a fundamental part of the Indian team. Sachin Tendulkar is ranked by the objective scoring method of the Wisden 100 as the second best test batsman and best ODI batsman of all time and also holds the record of securing the highest number of centuries in Test (39) and ODI cricket (42). He is also one of the few players who are still playing international cricket from the 1980s.
Sachin Tendulkar was bought as the icon and most expensive player for the Mumbai Indians team at the 2008 Indian Premier League (IPL) for US$1,121,250. He was the captain of the Mumbai Indians team and featured in seven matches, scoring 188 runs, his highest being 65.
In recognition to his contribution to the field of cricket, Sachin Tendulkar was conferred with the Arjuna Award, by the Government of India in 1994. He was named as the 1997 Wisden Cricketer of the Year and was also the recipient of the 1997-98 Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports. In 1999, Sachin Tendulkar was awarded with Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award and was named as the Player of the tournament at the 2003 Cricket World Cup. He was also named in the ICC World ODI XI for two years, 2004 and 2007 and in September 2007 Sachin Tendulkar secured the first place in the list of 50 greatest cricketers by Shane Warne, a former international Australian cricketer. In 2008, he was presented with Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award and was suggested for an honorary knighthood by Gordon Brown, the British Prime Minister.